Minimally Invasive Surgery

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Minimally Invasive Surgery: définition, techniques, Robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery

 

Definition

Minimally invasive surgery is a surgical technique that limits the amount of damage to the body. It allows surgeons to reach their target through small incisions approximately one centimeter long, using instruments combined with a video imaging system.

The surgery is called “arthroscopic” when it involves a joint, “laparoscopic” when it involves the abdominal cavity and “thoracoscopic” when it involves the thorax.

The different techniques:

  • Conventional minimally invasive surgery – endoscopic – laparoscopic

Laparoscopic surgery

Consists in making small incisions to insert a micro-camera and miniature instruments into the abdomen

  • Laparoscopy
  • Conventional laparoscopy
  • Robotic-assisted laparoscopy with direct manipulation
  • Robotic-assisted laparoscopy using the da Vinci robot with remote manipulation

Definition of laparoscopy:

Laparoscopy is a surgical technique used to operate inside the abdomen by making only small incisions. It is the first-line technique used for gynecological, abdominal and vascular surgery, among others.


Benefits:

Cosmetic advantage
No major scars on the stomach

Surgical precision

Laparoscopic surgery enables more precise surgical movements (the surgeon can see better by positioning the camera as close as possible to the surgical site).

Less pain

Laparoscopic surgery offers improved post-operative comfort and shorter hospital stays.

Fewer post-operative complications

In traditional “open” abdominal surgery, the intestine becomes lazy in the hours and days that follow. Resumption of gastrointestinal transit is often an unpleasant period preceded by an uncomfortable phase of abdominal bloating. Laparoscopic surgery results in fewer post-operative complications and shorter hospital stays.

Lower risk of infection

Because the abdominal lining is preserved during the surgery, germs have limited access to the inside of the stomach.

Less expensive

Although this type of surgery often requires more equipment, the shorter hospital stay and quicker return to work make this technique less costly for society.

Laparoscopic surgery

Consists in making small incisions to insert a micro-camera and miniature instruments into the abdomen.

  • Laparoscopy
  • Conventional laparoscopy
  • Robotic-assisted laparoscopy with direct manipulation
  • Robotic-assisted laparoscopy using the da Vinci robot with remote manipulation

The American Hospital of Paris offers the following surgeries using minimally invasive techniques:

  • Digestive: exploration of the abdominal cavity and associated biopsies; preventive gastropexy
  • Thoracic
  • Gynecological

Robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery


The surgeon is seated at a console next to the operating table.

Benefits:

  • 3D vision
  • High precision
  • Reduced pain
  • Less bleeding
  • Ability to stand up more quickly
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Fast recovery
  • Fewer residual effects

The AHP offers minimally invasive procedures in the following areas:


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American Hospital Of Paris