Heart Failure: what is it?
What are the symptoms of heart failure?
Heart failure is reported to affect about 500,000 French people, its prevalence is increasing and is estimated at 12% in persons over 60 years of age.
Affected persons generally present the following symptoms: difficulty in breathing, fatigue, as well as characteristic signs such as tachycardia, rapid breathing, crepitus rales of the lungs, pleural effusion, jugular turgidity, peripheral edemas, hepatomegaly. (ESC, 2008).
To confirm the diagnosis, the cardiologist will carry out tests to find objective signs of a structural or functional abnormality of the resting heart: cardiomegaly, third heartbeat sound, heart murmur, abnormal echo cardiogram, elevated natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels.
What are the risk factors of heart failure?
Cardiovascular risks factors (diabetes, smoking, overweight, abnormal lipid levels
Undernourishment, renal failure).
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSA).